Final Project: Building a Concurrent Web Server with Async Rust

In this chapter, we'll use asynchronous Rust to modify the Rust book's single-threaded web server to serve requests concurrently.

Recap

Here's what the code looked like at the end of the lesson.

src/main.rs:

use std::fs;
use std::io::prelude::*;
use std::net::TcpListener;
use std::net::TcpStream;

fn main() {
    // Listen for incoming TCP connections on localhost port 7878
    let listener = TcpListener::bind("127.0.0.1:7878").unwrap();

    // Block forever, handling each request that arrives at this IP address
    for stream in listener.incoming() {
        let stream = stream.unwrap();

        handle_connection(stream);
    }
}

fn handle_connection(mut stream: TcpStream) {
    // Read the first 1024 bytes of data from the stream
    let mut buffer = [0; 1024];
    stream.read(&mut buffer).unwrap();

    let get = b"GET / HTTP/1.1\r\n";

    // Respond with greetings or a 404,
    // depending on the data in the request
    let (status_line, filename) = if buffer.starts_with(get) {
        ("HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n\r\n", "hello.html")
    } else {
        ("HTTP/1.1 404 NOT FOUND\r\n\r\n", "404.html")
    };
    let contents = fs::read_to_string(filename).unwrap();

    // Write response back to the stream,
    // and flush the stream to ensure the response is sent back to the client
    let response = format!("{}{}", status_line, contents);
    stream.write(response.as_bytes()).unwrap();
    stream.flush().unwrap();
}

hello.html:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Hello!</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>Hello!</h1>
    <p>Hi from Rust</p>
  </body>
</html>

404.html:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Hello!</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>Oops!</h1>
    <p>Sorry, I don't know what you're asking for.</p>
  </body>
</html>

If you run the server with cargo run and visit 127.0.0.1:7878 in your browser, you'll be greeted with a friendly message from Ferris!