Request for stabilization

Once an unstable feature has been well-tested with no outstanding concern, anyone may push for its stabilization. It involves the following steps.

  • Documentation PRs
  • Write a stabilization report
  • FCP
  • Stabilization PR

Documentation PRs

If any documentation for this feature exists, it should be in the Unstable Book, located at src/doc/unstable-book. If it exists, the page for the feature gate should be removed.

If there was documentation there, integrating it into the existing documentation is needed.

If there wasn't documentation there, it needs to be added.

Places that may need updated documentation:

  • The Reference: This must be updated, in full detail.
  • The Book: This may or may not need updating, depends. If you're not sure, please open an issue on this repository and it can be discussed.
  • standard library documentation: As needed. Language features often don't need this, but if it's a feature that changes how good examples are written, such as when ? was added to the language, updating examples is important.
  • Rust by Example: As needed.

Prepare PRs to update documentation involving this new feature for repositories mentioned above. Maintainers of these repositories will keep these PRs open until the whole stabilization process has completed. Meanwhile, we can proceed to the next step.

Write a stabilization report

Find the tracking issue of the feature, and create a short stabilization report. Essentially this would be a brief summary of the feature plus some links to test cases showing it works as expected, along with a list of edge cases that came up and were considered. This is a minimal "due diligence" that we do before stabilizing.

The report should contain:

  • A summary, showing examples (e.g. code snippets) what is enabled by this feature.
  • Links to test cases in our test suite regarding this feature and describe the feature's behavior on encountering edge cases.
  • Links to the documentations (the PRs we have made in the previous steps).
  • Any other relevant information(Examples of such reports can be found in rust-lang/rust#44494 and rust-lang/rust#28237).
  • The resolutions of any unresolved questions if the stabilization is for an RFC.

FCP

If any member of the team responsible for tracking this feature agrees with stabilizing this feature, they will start the FCP (final-comment-period) process by commenting

@rfcbot fcp merge

The rest of the team members will review the proposal. If the final decision is to stabilize, we proceed to do the actual code modification.

Stabilization PR

Once we have decided to stabilize a feature, we need to have a PR that actually makes that stabilization happen. These kinds of PRs are a great way to get involved in Rust, as they take you on a little tour through the source code.

Here is a general guide to how to stabilize a feature -- every feature is different, of course, so some features may require steps beyond what this guide talks about.

Note: Before we stabilize any feature, it's the rule that it should appear in the documentation.

Updating the feature-gate listing

There is a central listing of feature-gates in src/libsyntax/feature_gate.rs. Search for the declare_features! macro. There should be an entry for the feature you are aiming to stabilize, something like (this example is taken from rust-lang/rust#32409:

// pub(restricted) visibilities (RFC 1422)
(active, pub_restricted, "1.9.0", Some(32409)),

The above line should be moved down to the area for "accepted" features, declared below in a separate call to declare_features!. When it is done, it should look like:

// pub(restricted) visibilities (RFC 1422)
(accepted, pub_restricted, "1.31.0", Some(32409)),
// note that we changed this

Note that, the version number is updated to be the version number of the stable release where this feature will appear. This can be found by consulting the forge, which will guide you the next stable release number. You want to add 1 to that, because the code that lands today will become go into beta on that date, and then become stable after that. So, at the time of this writing, the next stable release (i.e. what is currently beta) was 1.30.0, hence I wrote 1.31.0 above.

Removing existing uses of the feature-gate

Next search for the feature string (in this case, pub_restricted) in the codebase to find where it appears. Change uses of #![feature(XXX)] from the libstd and any rustc crates to be #![cfg_attr(bootstrap, feature(XXX))]. This includes the feature-gate only for stage0, which is built using the current beta (this is needed because the feature is still unstable in the current beta).

Also, remove those strings from any tests. If there are tests specifically targeting the feature-gate (i.e., testing that the feature-gate is required to use the feature, but nothing else), simply remove the test.

Do not require the feature-gate to use the feature

Most importantly, remove the code which flags an error if the feature-gate is not present (since the feature is now considered stable). If the feature can be detected because it employs some new syntax, then a common place for that code to be is in the same feature_gate.rs. For example, you might see code like this:

gate_feature_post!(&self, pub_restricted, span,
 "`pub(restricted)` syntax is experimental");

This gate_feature_post! macro prints an error if the pub_restricted feature is not enabled. It is not needed now that #[pub_restricted] is stable.

For more subtle features, you may find code like this:

if self.tcx.sess.features.borrow().pub_restricted { /* XXX */ }

This pub_restricted field (obviously named after the feature) would ordinarily be false if the feature flag is not present and true if it is. So transform the code to assume that the field is true. In this case, that would mean removing the if and leaving just the /* XXX */.

if self.tcx.sess.features.borrow().pub_restricted { /* XXX */ }
becomes
/* XXX */

if self.tcx.sess.features.borrow().pub_restricted && something { /* XXX */ }
 becomes
if something { /* XXX */ }