Add dedicated methods to RefCell for replacing and swapping the contents. These functions will panic if the RefCell is currently borrowed, but will otherwise behave exactly like their cousins on Cell.


The main problem this intends to solve is that doing a replace by hand looks like this:

let old_version = replace(&mut *some_refcell.borrow_mut(), new_version);

One of the most important parts of the ergonomics initiative has been reducing “type tetris” exactly like that &mut *.

It also seems weird that this use-case is so much cleaner with a plain Cell, even though plain Cell is strictly a less powerful abstraction. Usually, people explain RefCell as being a superset of Cell, but RefCell doesn’t actually offer all of the functionality as seamlessly as Cell.

Detailed design

impl<T> RefCell<T> {
  pub fn replace(&self, t: T) -> T {
      mem::replace(&mut *self.borrow_mut(), t)
  pub fn swap(&self, other: &Self) {
      mem::swap(&mut *self.borrow_mut(), &mut *other.borrow_mut())

How We Teach This

The nicest aspect of this is that it maintains this story behind Cell and RefCell:

RefCell supports everything that Cell does. However, it has runtime overhead, and it can panic.


Depending on how we want people to use RefCell, this RFC might be removing deliberate syntactic vinegar. For example, if RefCell is used to protect a counter:

let counter_ref = counter.borrow_mut();
*counter_ref += 1;
*counter_ref -= 1;

In this case, if do_some_work() tries to modify counter, it will panic. Since Rust tends to value explicitness over implicitness exactly because it can surface bugs, this code is conceptually more dangerous:

counter.replace(counter.replace(0) + 1);
counter.replace(counter.replace(0) - 1);

Also, we’re adding more specific functions to a core type. That comes with cost in documentation and maintenance.


Besides just-write-the-reborrow, these functions can also be put in a separate crate with an extension trait. This has all the disadvantages that two-line libraries usually have:

  • They tend to have low discoverability.
  • They put strain on auditing.
  • The hassle of adding an import and a toml line is as high as the reborrow.

The other alternative, as far as getting rid of the reborrow goes, is to change the language so that it implicitly does the reborrow. That alternative is massively more general, but it also has knock-on effects throughout the rest of the language. It also still doesn’t do anything about the asymetry between Cell and RefCell.

Unresolved questions

Should we add RefCell::get() and RefCell::set()? The equivalent versions with borrow(mut) and clone aren’t as noisy, since all the reborrowing is done implicitly because clone is a method, but that would bring us all the way to RefCell-as-a-Cell-superset.